Adaptation and validation of a questionnaire to measure academic burnout in medical university students
Adaptación y validación de un cuestionario para medir burnout académico en estudiantes de medicina de la universidad Ricardo Palma
Keywords:Academic Burnout Syndrome, Students; Emotional Exhaustion, Reliability and Validity, Life Style Medicine
Introduction: Evaluate the validity and reliability of an instrument adapted to Peru to measure pre-presence
of Burnout Syndrome in university students of the career of Human Medicine at the University
Ricardo Palma, taking as a starting point the Burnout Inventory of Maslach - Student Survey (MBISS).
Methods: Cross-sectional analytical study, with level of application research. Validity was evaluated by
analysis of factorial structure with the principal components method, Kaiser-Meyer Olkin tests and Varimax rotation were applied; the reliability by the Cronbach alpha value.
Results: 223 students from the Faculty of Human Medicine of the Ricardo Palma University were included, from November to December 2016. The prevalence of academic Burnout found was 28.25% (63); The Kaiser-Meyer Olkin fitness test had a result of 0.813 and Barlett's sphericity test of 1007.5 (p <0.000). The cumulative variance explained by 3 factors was calculated to be 55.4%. The instrument obtained a Cronbach's Alpha coefficient = 0.794, with correlations between the items, Emotional Exhaustion (α =, 855), Cynicism (α = 0.623) and Academic Efficiency (α = 0.744).
Conclusion: The adapted and validated instrument gathers the psychometric properties to be considered a useful and reliable instrument initially in human medicine students of the Ricardo Palma University, presenting an adequate factorial structure and internal consistency to determine the level of Burnout Syndrome Academic.
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