Factors associated with quality of life in cancer patients in a social security pain therapy unit - Lima, Peru

Factores asociados a la calidad de vida en pacientes con cáncer en una unidad de terapia del dolor de la seguridad social - Lima, Perú

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25176/RFMH.v23i2.5649

Keywords:

Quality of Life, Neoplasms, Pain Management

Abstract

Introduction: Quality of life is one of the main concerns for cancer patients in palliative care; however, studies on quality of life in these patients are limited. Objective: To determine the factors associated with quality of life in patients with oncological disease in palliative care. Methods: Observational, analytical study in 184 cancer patients treated in a Pain and Palliative Care Unit during 2021. The dependent variable was quality of life; independent variables were age, sex, education level, occupation, oncological diagnosis, disease duration, and stage. Crude (RP) and adjusted (aRP) prevalence ratios were calculated with a 95% confidence level. Results: The median age was 63 years, and 66.3% were female. Factors associated with quality of life were breast cancer (aRP=1.21; 95% CI: 1.07-1.36; p!<0.010), prostate cancer (aRP=1.36; 95% CI: 1.18-1.56; p!<0.010), or multiple myeloma (aRP=1.33; 95% CI: 1.15-1.53; p!<0.010), compared to other cancers such as Hodgkin's lymphoma, stomach, kidney, or pancreatic cancer; disease duration longer than 36 months (aRP=1.13; 95% CI: 1.01-1.27; p=0.040), and stage III (aRP=1.30; 95% CI: 1.19-1.42; p!<0.010) were also associated with quality of life. Conclusions: Factors associated with quality of life were having breast, prostate, or multiple myeloma cancer, compared to having another type of cancer; in addition to a disease duration longer than 36 months and stage III compared to stage I/II.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

World Health Organization. Cancer tomorrow. A tool that predicts the future cancer incidence and mortality burden worldwide from the current estimates in 2020 up until 2040. [Internet]. 2020. Disponible en: https://gco.iarc.fr/tomorrow/graphic- isotype?type=1&population=900&mode=population&sex=0&cancer=39&age_group

=value&apc_male=0&apc_female=0

Gayatri D, Efremov L, Kantelhardt EJ, Mikolajczyk R. Quality of life of cancer patients at palliative care units in developing countries: systematic review of the published literature. Qual Life Res. 2021;30(2):315–43. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-020-02633-z

World Health Organization. Cancer [ Internet]. 2022 . Disponible en: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cancer

Shamieh O, Khamash O, Khraisat M, Jbouri O, Awni M, Al-Hawamdeh A, et al. Impact of outpatient palliative care (PC) on symptom burden in patients with advanced cancer at a tertiary cancer center in Jordan. Support Care Cancer. 2017;25(1):177–83. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-016-3395-8

Ramos JGR, Tourinho FC, Borrione P, Azi P, Andrade T, Costa V, et al. Effect of a palliative care program on trends in intensive care unit utilization and do-not-resuscitate orders during terminal hospitalizations. An interrupted time series analysis. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 2018;30(3):308–16. doi: https://doi.org/10.5935/0103-507X.20180042

Sunderam S, Jeseena K, Kashyap V, Singh S, Kumar M. Study on quality of life of Cancer patients in relation to treatment modality in a tertiary health Institute of Jharkhand. IOSR J Dent Med Sci. 2016;15(5).

Elsaie O, Elazazy H, Abdelhaie S. The effect of chemotherapy on quality of life of colorectal Cancer patients before and 21 days after the first chemotherapeutic sessions. Life Sci J. 2012;9(4).

Gangane N, Khairkar P, Hurtig A-K, Sebastián MS. Quality of Life Determinants in Breast Cancer Patients in Central Rural India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2017;18(12):3325–32. doi: https://doi.org/10.22034/APJCP.2017.18.12.3325

Ministerio de Salud del Perù. Plan Nacional de cuidados integrales del cáncer (2020 – 2024). Lima - Perú: MINSA; 2021.

Díaz-Carrasco M, Almanchel-Rivadeneyra M, Tomás-Luiz A, Pelegrín-Montesinos S, Ramírez-Roig C, Fernández-Ávila J, et al. Observational study of drug-drug interactions in oncological inpatients. Farmacia Hospitalaria. 2018;42(1):10–5. doi: https://doi.org/10.7399/fh.10857

Pardo JCS. Calidad de vida del paciente oncológico terminal asistente a una Unidad de Terapia Especializada. Cuidado y salud : Kawsayninchis [Internet]. 2014 [citado el 9 de septiembre de 2022];1(1). doi: https://doi.org/10.31381/cuidado_y_salud.v1i1.1103

Moyano C, Orozco M. Apoyo social y calidad de vida relacionada a la salud en mujeres con cáncer de mama que acuden al consultorio de oncología del Hospital Edgardo Rebagliati Martins, Lima 2017 [Tesis de Grado]. Lima - Perú: Universidad Norbert Wiener; 2017.

Amado-Tineo J, Segura M, Che-H E, Vargas-Tineo O, Solis J, Oscanoa-Espinoza T. Calidad de vida en pacientes con cáncer avanzado según lugar de atención en un hospital de referencia. Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana. 2021;21(1):138–44.

Alonso J, Prieto L, Antó JM. [The Spanish version of the SF-36 Health Survey (the SF- 36 health questionnaire): an instrument for measuring clinical results]. Med Clin (Barc). 1995;104(20):771–6.

Aguilar TG. Propiedades Psicométricas del Cuestionario de Salud SF – 36 en pacientes con enfermedades crónicas de Chimbote [Tesis de Especialidad]. La Libertad: Universidad Cesar Vallejo; 2017 [citado el 9 de septiembre de 2022]. Disponible en: https://repositorio.ucv.edu.pe/handle/20.500.12692/10281

Salazar FR, Bernabé E. The Spanish SF-36 in Peru: factor structure, construct validity, and internal consistency. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2015;27(2):NP2372-2380. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539511432879

Seol KH, Bong SH, Kang DH, Kim JW. Factors Associated with the Quality of Life of Patients with Cancer Undergoing Radiotherapy. Psychiatry Investig. 2021;18(1):80–7. doi: https://doi.org/10.30773/pi.2020.0286

Nayak MG, George A, Vidyasagar M, Mathew S, Nayak S, Nayak BS, et al. Quality of Life a m o n g Ca n ce r Pa t i e n t s . I n d i a n J Pa l l i a t Ca r e . 2 0 1 7 ; 2 3 ( 4 ) : 4 4 5 – 5 0 . doi: https://doi.org/10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_82_17

Wang C, Yan J, Chen J, Wang Y, Lin YC, Hu R, et al. Factors associated with quality of life of adult patients with acute leukemia and their family caregivers in China: a cross- sectional study. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2020;18:8. doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12955-020-1269-8

Lewandowska A, Rudzki G, Lewandowski T, Próchnicki M, Rudzki S, Laskowska B, et al. Quality of Life of Cancer Patients Treated with Chemotherapy. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(19):6938. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196938

Üstündağ S, Zencirci AD. Factors affecting the quality of life of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: A questionnaire study. Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs. 2015;2(1):17–25. doi: https://doi.org/10.4103/2347-5625.152402

Knobf MT, Thompson AS, Fennie K, Erdos D. The effect of a community-based exercise intervention on symptoms and quality of life. Cancer Nurs. 2014;37(2):E43-50. doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0b013e318288d40e

Kędra EM, Wiśniewski W. Selected aspects of assessing the quality of life of patients with colorectal cancer and their families in the light of own research. Pielęgniarstwo i Zdrowie Publiczne Nursing and Public Health. 2018;8(1):33–8. doi: https://doi.org/10.17219/pzp/77040

Dinapoli L, Colloca G, Di Capua B, Valentini V. Psychological Aspects to Consider in Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment. Curr Oncol Rep. 2021;23(3):38. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11912-021-01049-3

Nayak MG, George A, Vidyasagar MS, Mathew S, Nayak S, Nayak BS, et al. Quality of Life among Cancer Patients. Indian Journal of Palliative Care. 2017;23(4):445. doi: https://doi.org/10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_82_17

Ramasubbu SK, Pasricha RK, Nath UK, Rawat VS, Das B. Quality of life and factors affecting it in adult cancer patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy in a tertiary care hospital. Cancer Rep (Hoboken). 2020;4(2):e1312. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/cnr2.1312

Imagen Artículo Original 7

Published

2023-04-18

How to Cite

Pacheco-Feijoó, G., Podestá-Gavilano, L., Quevedo-Porras, K., & Amado-Tineo, J. (2023). Factors associated with quality of life in cancer patients in a social security pain therapy unit - Lima, Peru: Factores asociados a la calidad de vida en pacientes con cáncer en una unidad de terapia del dolor de la seguridad social - Lima, Perú. Revista De La Facultad De Medicina Humana, 23(2). https://doi.org/10.25176/RFMH.v23i2.5649