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Lifestyles and diet related to nutritional status and the risk of DM2 in young women from two Colombian universities

Estilos de vida y alimentación relacionados con el estado nutricional y el riesgo de DM2 en mujeres jóvenes de dos universidades colombianas

Authors

  • Mylene Rodríguez Leyton Programa de Nutrición y Dietética. Grupo de investigación alimentación y comportamiento Humano. Universidad Metropolitana. Barranquilla- Colombia.
  • Alexander Parody Muñoz Universidad Metropolitana, Departamento de Investigación. Universidad Libre, Facultad de Ingeniería https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0155-266X
  • Andrea Carolina Henríquez Coronado Institución prestadora de salud: Cuidado seguro en casa. Barranquilla
  • Karla Andrea Rodríguez Pérez Programa de Atención Integral a la Primera Infancia. Barranquilla https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7049-6836
  • Lucia Sánchez Majana Programa de Nutrición y Dietética. Grupo de investigación alimentación y comportamiento Humano. Universidad Metropolitana. Barranquilla- Colombia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25176/RFMH.v23i3.5805

Keywords:

lifestyle, nutritional status, risk, diabetes mellitus type 2, students

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the lifestyles and diet related to nutritional status and the risk of DM2 and in female students of two Colombian universities.Methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional, multidimensional and exploratory study, carried out in a sample of 220 women, NyD students selected by random medsampling of proportions[1]. A questionnaire was applied to identify sociodemographic variables, lifestyles related to food and DM2 risk according to the FINDRISC test; BMI, waist circumference, fat percentage, and active body substance index (IAKS) were determined. Bivariate analysis was performed using Statgraphics v.16, the chi2 test was applied with 95% confidence and statistical significance (p <0.05).Results: Overweight and obesity according to BMI (21.4%) showed statistical significance with the frequency of consumption of sugary drinks, packaged products, sugars and sweets, fast foods and alcoholic beverages; These two eating practices were related to very high cardiovascular risk by waist circumference and excessive fat percentage, which also presented significance with excessive screen time; the IAKS was related to the classification of physical activity. According to the FINDRISC test, 91% had DM2 risk factors; 20.5% presented medium risk and 2.3% high.Conclusions: Lifestyle and diet were related to anthropometric indicators: body weight, fat distribution, and body composition; are risk factors for the development of DM2 in young women. It is necessary to promote protective factors to maintain a healthy weight.

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Author Biographies

Mylene Rodríguez Leyton, Programa de Nutrición y Dietética. Grupo de investigación alimentación y comportamiento Humano. Universidad Metropolitana. Barranquilla- Colombia.

Nutritionist - dietician. Mg. in administration with emphasis in research

Alexander Parody Muñoz, Universidad Metropolitana, Departamento de Investigación. Universidad Libre, Facultad de Ingeniería

Industrial Engineer. Mg. in Applied Statistics

Andrea Carolina Henríquez Coronado, Institución prestadora de salud: Cuidado seguro en casa. Barranquilla

Nutritionist-dietician

Karla Andrea Rodríguez Pérez, Programa de Atención Integral a la Primera Infancia. Barranquilla

Nutritionist-dietician

Lucia Sánchez Majana, Programa de Nutrición y Dietética. Grupo de investigación alimentación y comportamiento Humano. Universidad Metropolitana. Barranquilla- Colombia

Nutritionist - dietician. Master student of Education

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How to Cite

Rodríguez Leyton, M., Parody Muñoz, A. ., Henríquez Coronado, A. C., Rodríguez Pérez, K. A. ., & Sánchez Majana, L. . (2023). Lifestyles and diet related to nutritional status and the risk of DM2 in young women from two Colombian universities: Estilos de vida y alimentación relacionados con el estado nutricional y el riesgo de DM2 en mujeres jóvenes de dos universidades colombianas. Revista De La Facultad De Medicina Humana, 23(3). https://doi.org/10.25176/RFMH.v23i3.5805 (Original work published September 14, 2023)