Knowledge and habits of solar exposure in street traders of a market in Chiclayo, Peru
Conocimientos y hábitos de exposición solar en comerciantes ambulantes de un mercado de Chiclayo, Perú
Background: people who work outdoors are exposed to long periods of ultraviolet radiation; such is the case of street vendors. Objectives: determine the knowledge and habits of solar exposition in itinerant traders around a Chiclayo market. Materials and methods: A questionnaire were applied to 291 itinerant merchants located around the Mercado Modelo of Chiclayo, who evaluated sun exposure habits, photo protection measures, a history of sunburn and skin cancer, as well as knowledge of ultraviolet radiation and sources of information. Results: the following results were found: the age ranges were 18-25 (42.3%), 36-54 (38.1%), 55 -78 (19.6%). At the level of education, 13.1% have completed primary school, 32.6% have full secondary and 8.2% complete. At the time of the study, 71.9% had been working as street traders for more than 3 years. The phototype of the participants were phototype I (0.3%), phototype II (4.5%), phototype III (24.7%), phototype IV (48.8%), phototype V (19.6%), phototype VI (2.15). A 90 ± 3.5 %% recognizes that causes skin cancer, 53.6% recognizes that a feature of skin aging by radiation are spots and warts, 56% responded that solar radiation causes cataracts, a 52,92 % replied that white-skinned people are more sensitive to the sun's rays. 59.5% of traders indicated that they go to work from Monday to Sunday, 39.4% work 5-6 days a week, and 4.1% work 4 or less days a week. A 48.5% of them declared to expose themselves more than 6 hours to the solar rays, 24.7% are exposed of 3 - 6 hours a day, while 8.6% registered the shortest time of solar exposure (0 - 2 hours). 75.3% did not use sunscreen, 24.7% of merchants used sunscreen at the time of being surveyed as a measure of photo protection; of them, 63.9% said that a family member recommended their use, 94.4% use it 1-2 times a day, 38.9% only apply it when they go to work, 52.8% use it on their face , neck, ears and hands, and half of them (50.0%) get it from a catalog. Conclusions: the knowledge and habits of solar exposition in itinerant traders were equal or inferior to that described in other studies. It was found that the knowledge is from regular to adequate and poor habits.
2. Lake E. Trends of skin cancer mortality after transplantation in the United States: 1987 to 2013. J Am Acad Dermatol [Internet]. 2018 Dec 3 [cited 2019 Mar 6]; Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30521825
3. Piñeros M, Ramos W, Antoni S, Abriata G, Medina LE, Miranda JJ, et al. Cancer patterns, trends, and transitions in Peru: a regional perspective. Lancet Oncol [Internet]. 2017 Oct [cited 2019 Mar 6];18(10):e573–86. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1470204517303777
4. Montserrat Molgó N, Celso Castillo A, Valdés F R, Romero G W, Jeanneret M V, Cevo E T, et al. Conocimientos y hábitos de exposición solar de la población chilena. Rev Med Chil [Internet]. 2005 Jun [cited 2019 Mar 5];133(6):662–6. Available from: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872005000600007&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
5. Castanedo-Cazares JP, Torres-Álvarez B, Medellín-Pérez ME, Aguilar-Hernández GA, Moncada B. Conocimientos y actitudes de la población mexicana con respecto a la radiación solar. Gac Med Mex [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2019 Mar 6];142(6):451–5. Available from: www.anmm.org.mx
6. Cázares JPC, Álvarez BT, Ondarza SS, Pérez AE, Moscoso AG. Estimación del tiempo de exposición solar para quemadura en población mexicana. Gac Med Mex [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2019 Mar 6];148(3):343–7. Available from: http://www.medigraphic.com/pdfs/gaceta/gm-2012/gm123e.pdf
7. Nishigori C, Yarosh DB, Donawho C, Kripke ML. The immune system in ultraviolet carcinogenesis. J Investig dermatology Symp Proc [Internet]. 1996 Apr [cited 2019 Mar 6];1(2):143–6. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9627708
8. Peña Ortega M, Buendía Eisman A, Ortega del Olmo R, Serrano Ortega S. Hábitos de fotoprotección en la Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación Física y el Deporte de la Universidad de Granada. Piel [Internet]. 2013 Jan [cited 2019 Mar 6];19(4):179–83. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0213925104728282
9. Fajre X, Barría K, Muñoz C. Exposición solar y Fotoprotección. Rev Chil Med Fam [Internet]. 2017 Aug 14 [cited 2019 Mar 6];3(3):113–8. Available from: http://www.revistachilenademedicinafamiliar.cl/index.php/sochimef/article/view/308
10. Solórzano S, Contreras G, Pérez C. Aspectos epidemiológicos y percepciones del acné vulgar en escolares de secundaria del Cono Sur de Lima – Perú. Folia dermatol [Internet]. 2005 [cited 2019 Mar 6];16(3):113–8. Available from: http://18.104.22.168/BVRevistas/folia/v16_n3/PDF/a03.pdf
11. Sordo C, Gutiérrez C. Skin cancer and sun radiation: Peruvian experience in the prevention and early detection of skin cancer and melanoma. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2013 Mar [cited 2019 Mar 6];30(1):113–7. Available from: http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1726-46342013000100021&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es
This work is under a Creative Commons license Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).