Effects of two resistance exercise programs on the health-related fitness of obese women with pain symptoms in the knees
Efectos de dos programas de ejercicios resistidos en la aptitud física relacionada con la salud de mujeres obesas con síntomas de algia en las rodillas
Keywords:Adiposidad, Osteoartritis, Promoción de la salud
Introduction: Overweight negatively impacts the cardiovascular system and osteomyoarticular, promoting pain in the joints of the lower limbs. Therefore, strategies have been applied to reduce overweight through lifestyle changes. Objective: to investigate the effects of two multidisciplinary intervention programs on the health-related physical fitness of obese women with pain symptoms in the knees. Methods: Women between 40 and 59 years of age with obesity (n=59) were evaluated in the pre- and post-intervention time regarding anthropometry, body composition, physical fitness, level of disability in the knee and hip, and health-related quality of life. A randomized clinical trial of parallel groups was conducted, using two resistance exercise programs and food re-education, for eight weeks. All participants received the same nutritional intervention content and for physical exercises were randomized into two groups, G1 being the "strength group" using machines (n=30), and G2 being the "functional training" group (n=29). Twenty-eight women (G1=18 + G2=10) were included in the final analyses. The groups and time were evaluated by two-way analysis of variance, with repeated measures. A p < 0.05 was assumed for all analyses. Results: a time effect was identified, with higher values for maximum isometric lumbar-traction strength (MILTS), after the intervention period in both groups (p < 0.05). However, for the other variables investigated, no significant differences were identified (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The absence of significant results for all variables, except FIMTL, may be justified by the moderate adherence of the participants to interventions (~59% to 66%) since the study was conducted during the period of social isolation (COVID-19). However, it is believed that the intervention models were positive in maintaining the variables studied.
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