Predictor factors for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Huánuco, Peru. 2010-2015

Predictores clínicos de tuberculosis multidrogorresistente en pacientes con tuberculosis pulmonar en Huánuco, Perú. 2010-2015

Abstract

Introduction: In the city of Huánuco and around the world, there is a progressive increase in cases of Tuberculosis and multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis, for this reason it was necessary to identify predictors to develop multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis.

Objective: To determine if persistent fever, cavitary radiographic pattern and positive smear microscopy at the first month of treatment, are predictors of multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis in patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis, in four health facilities in the city of Huánuco, between January 2010 and December 2015.

Methods: case and control study. We considered 37 cases and 111 controls. Data were collected from medical records.

Results: The predictive factors found in the bivariate analysis were persistence of fever at 2 weeks (p = 0.001, OR 0.05, CI 0.01-0.5), cavitary radiographic pattern (p = 0.000, OR 11.6, 95%IC 4.6-26.5), and smear microscopy positivity at the first month of treatment (p = 0.00, OR 13.5, 95%CI 4.1-44.6). These were confirmed by multivariate analysis (p = 0.012, p = 0.00, p = 0.00 respectively).

Conclusions: The persistence of fever at two weeks, cavitary radiographic pattern and positive smear microscopy at the first month of treatment were predictive factors associated independently for the diagnosis of multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis.

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Published
2020-03-25