Validation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in human medicine interns at a reference university in Peru during the COVID-19 pandemic
Validación del cuestionario sobre la salud del paciente–9 (PHQ-9) en internos de medicina humana de una universidad de referencia del Perú durante la pandemia COVID-19
Keywords:Validation study, Students, Medical, Depression, Factor analysis, Statistical
Objectives: Validate a questionnaire to establish the perception of difficulties in the development of research projects in the students of the research area of the Faculty of Human Medicine of the Peruvian University Los Andes.
Methods: Validation study of a questionnaire designed and based on a Likert scale applied to the students of the subjects of Research process, Thesis seminar I and Thesis seminar II with stratified random probability sampling, content validity analysis and construct by expert judgment and statistical analysis of reliability with Cronbach's alpha.
Results: The sample consisted of 85 students who agreed to be part of the study, of which 64,70% belonged to the female gender with an average age of 23 ± 5 years, subject of thesis seminar I 36,47%, Process research 34,12%, thesis seminar II 29,41%; 64,71% expressed difficulties in preparing the research project in formulating the theoretical framework and methodology, 62,35% in writing the bibliography and annexes, 61,18% in posing the problem and formulating hypotheses, in definition of the title 58,82% and in preparation of the administration of the project plan 47,06%. Cronbach's alpha reliability was 0,969.
Conclusions: The questionnaire is reliable and valid, it has high internal consistency and valid criteria.
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