Predisposing factors associated with chronic subdural hematoma in adults and elderly adults served in the neuro surgery and geriatrics service at the María Auxiliadora hospital in 2016-2020

Factores predisponentes asociados a hematoma subdural crónico en adultos y adultos mayores atendidos en el Servicio de Neurocirugía y Geriatría en el hospital María Auxiliadora en el periodo 2016 – 2020

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25176/RFMH.v22i2.4617

Keywords:

Predisposing Factors, Chronic Subdural Hematoma, Adult, Elderly

Abstract

Introduction: A common pathology in the Neurosurgery Service is chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), affecting elderly male patients. It is an accumulation of blood that is located in the subdural space that can occur spontaneously or be the result of a head injury or other pathologies such as high blood pressure (HBP), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), alcoholism, or external factors such as head trauma (CT) and consumption of platelet antiaggregants.

Objective: To determine how predisposing factors are associated with CSDH in adults and older adults treated at the Neurosurgery and Geriatrics Service at the María Auxiliadora Hospital (HMA) in 2016-2020. Methods:An analytical, observational, retrospective study of cases and controls was carried out through data collection from medical records.

Results: Association was found with age 60 to 96 years (adjusted OR = 2,52; 95% CI: 1,43 - 4,80), male gender (adjusted OR = 4,10; 95% CI: 2,30 - 7,60), alcohol consumption (adjusted OR = 3,06; 95% CI: 1,06– 8,83), hypertension (adjusted OR = 2,51; 95% CI: 1,16– 5,43), DM2 ( Adjusted OR = 2,49; 95% CI: 1,03–6,01) and CT (adjusted OR = 3,35; 95% CI: 1,87– 6,03).

Conclusions: The sociodemographic factors age and sex are associated with HSDC. Alcohol consumption, hypertension, DM2, and history of TC are associated with HSDC.

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Published

2022-03-03