Alcohol consumption as a factor associated with depression in students of human medicine of the Ricardo Palma university of the year 2018
Consumo de alcohol como factor asociado a la depresión en estudiantes varones de medicina humana de la universidad Ricardo Palma del año 2018
Keywords:Alcohol Consumption, Depression, Students, University, Lifestyle Medicine
Objective: To determine whether alcohol consumption is a factor associated with depression in male medicine students at the Ricardo Palma del Ciclo II Private University (August-December) in 2018.
Methods: Non-experimental, analytical, cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study in the Human Medicine Faculty of the Ricardo Palma University, during the 2018 academic year. A survey and a validated test conducted 200 male students after their informed consent: The validated self-evaluation test of depressive features of Zung. which consists of 20 questions that help us determine the depressive state according to the diagnostic criteria ICD-10 and DSM IV.
Results: 200 male students were surveyed. 67.5% of students are between 18 and 22 years old. 70% of students rarely consume alcohol, and 9% of students consume alcohol 2 to 6 times a week, 48.5% of students have mild depression and 3% of students have severe depression, in the group of students who have severe depression 50% consume alcohol 2 times a week, in the Chi square test the p-value (p = 0.000), which allow establishing that there is a significant relationship between alcohol consumption and depression in students Finally, it was found that the Odd Ratio (OR = 9.4) for Alcohol Consumption establishes that male students who consume alcohol more than once a week have a 9,444 higher risk of developing depression than male students who consume alcohol once a week. the week or less.
Conclusion: Alcohol consumption is a risk factor associated with depression in male students of the Faculty of Medicine of the Ricardo Palma University.
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